By J. Michael Martinez
The lengthy, darkish historical past of political violence within the United States
Violence has been hired to accomplish political pursuits all through heritage. Taking the lifetime of a perceived enemy is as previous as mankind. Antiquity is stuffed with examples of political murders, resembling whilst Julius Caesar was once felled through assassins in forty four BCE.
While assassinations and assassination makes an attempt will not be targeted to the yank lifestyle, denizens of different countries occasionally glance upon the USA as populated by way of reckless cowboys because of a “Wild West” angle approximately violence, in particular episodes concerning guns.
In this ebook, J. Michael Martinez specializes in assassinations and makes an attempt within the American republic. 9 American presidents—Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Ronald Reagan—have been the ambitions of assassins. President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt was once additionally a goal almost immediately prior to he was once sworn into workplace in 1933. additionally, 3 presidential candidates—Theodore Roosevelt, Robert F. Kennedy, and George Wallace—were shot by way of assailants. as well as presidents and applicants for the presidency, 8 governors, seven U.S. senators, 9 U.S. condo participants, 11 mayors, seventeen country legislators, and 11 judges were sufferers of political violence.
Not all political assassinations contain elected officers. a few of these precise, reminiscent of Joseph Smith, Malcolm X, and Martin Luther King Jr., have been public figures who stimulated political matters. yet their situations are instructive due to their connection to, and effect on, the political process.
No different state with a inhabitants of over 50 million humans has witnessed as many political assassinations or makes an attempt. those violent episodes set off a chain of significant questions. First, why has the United States—a kingdom developed on a bedrock of the guideline of legislation and firmly devoted to due process—been so at risk of political violence? Martinez addresses those questions as he examines twenty-five circumstances of violence opposed to elected officers and public figures in American history.